Best Compost For Garden
To keep the soil fertile, it must be fertilized regularly. You can use store-bought fertilizer to replenish the soil, or you can make your own compost from handicrafts and waste.
For those who don't have time or enough space to make their own compost piles, buying bagged compost is a great option. You can find compost online or at local garden centers.
We've done the research for you and selected the best bagged composts for your garden and vegetable garden.
Types of compost
Depending on the composition and timing of "maturation" compost is divided into several types:
The fastest type of fertilizer, the composition includes any type of peat and sludge; it is used in small doses because of the high concentration of nutrients, often lime is added for neutralization at the rate of 0.5 kg of lime per 10 kg of compost. Preparation time is at least 4 years. Used only in horticulture, under the vegetables on the beds fertilizer is not laid.
Consists of lignin (pine and deciduous waste of woodworking industry) and poultry manure. The preparation time is up to six months. If stored for a long time, this type of compost degenerates into humus.
Lignin and mineral manure.
Lignin is prepared in advance (lime or phosphate flour, ammonium sulfate, superphosphate and potassium chloride is added). The mass is heated to 50 ° C, then manure is added. In 2 - 3 months the compost is ready; it is recommended for use in poor soils.
A mixture of leaves of trees, garbage (cleaning, household waste) and sod soil. Ashes and manure are added separately. The compost rots over the fall and winter period. In spring, it is recommended to plant zucchini or pumpkin on the compost heap (the vegetables contribute to the rapid decomposition of leaves, protect against drying out). Sifted compost is widely used for mulching and fertilizer, suitable for indoor flowers.
Sawdust and sod compost
It prepared in layers - earth, sawdust, household garbage, lime fertilizer. Each layer is impregnated with cowpea or urea solution. Preparation time - at least 2 years (sawdust decomposes for a long time). For efficiency and acceleration of the preparation process compost is shoveled and moistened regularly.
Basic fertilizer to increase the fertility of the land; it is laid in late autumn from equal shares of manure and peat; it is laid in layers at least 1 m high, 1.5 - 2 m wide. For a balanced composition, any phosphorus fertilizer (superphosphate, etc.) is added. Compost is prepared during the year; it is applied to the soil under the spring plowing.
Compost consists of garden soil and manure in a ratio of 1:3; it is prepared quickly (3 - 5 months), applied during autumn plowing.
Garden compost is a universal fertilizer, suitable for all crops and plants. The composition includes leaves, food waste, shredded plant residues.
Types of compost according to the method of preparation
According to the method of preparation, compost is divided into the following types:
Each of these varieties has advantages and disadvantages. Most often, you have to choose between the duration of maturation and the value of the nutrient, and also take into account the availability of space on the garden plot for the organization of the compost pile.
The fastest and most common method of composting is with the access of oxygen. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that such compost can be prepared in small portions, in relatively small containers, which, if necessary, can easily be moved to another place. Decomposition processes in this case are taking place in constant contact of vegetable materials with air under the influence of aerobic bacteria, which need oxygen for normal functioning. The material is placed in a heap or open box.
The main advantages of the aerobic method are:
- rapid preparation of fertilizer: depending on the conditions and the preparations used, the process takes from 2 months to a year;
- the simplicity of the method.
- Thanks to the access of oxygen, it does not emit an unpleasant odor.
To increase the humidity in the pile, it is recommended to cover the compost material with foil. Also, at least once a month the raw material should be stirred.
The method implies the restriction of air access to the raw material. Biomaterial decomposition takes place under the influence of anaerobic bacteria, which do not require oxygen for life.
Anaerobic conditions also produce high quality compost, and the high nitrogen content is considered to be a good difference.
The main advantages of the anaerobic method are:
- Quicker valuable fertilizer than aerobic compost by preserving all macro- and micro-nutrients as well as useful organic matter
Disadvantages of the Anaerobic method:
- Longer "maturation" times - 7 to 12 months
- complexity of preparation
Properties and Composition of Compost
Compost is formed from organic waste under the influence of the environment. This fertiliser requires waste of natural origin, a place to store it and time for decomposition. The composition of compost may include:
- peelings (potato, carrot, onion);
- spoiled fruits;
Why is too much compost bad for the garden?
Too much compost can be bad for a garden because:
- The soil can become too heavy and wet, which can lead to root rot and other problems;
- Containing harmful bacteria that can damage plants;
- Excess nutrients in the soil (waterlogging and nitrogen depletion);
- Weed growth.
What are the benefits of garden soil compost?
Based on the experience of scientific papers on Waste Compost on Soil Physical Properties and Compost-Fertilizer it has been proven that compost improves the physical condition of the soil and also partially replaces mineral fertilizers, which leads to savings for farmers.
Compost is excellent at absorbing water and is very breathable. These properties allow it to revitalize the top layers of soil and improve their structure. Compost makes clay soils friable and allows water to pass through better, preventing it from stagnating.
The high content of macronutrients and trace elements helps plants get all the nutrients and increase crop yields.
The high pH level, due to the compost, maximizes the yield and avoids unnecessary production costs.
Which compost is best for vegetables?
You can use compost to grow vegetables because it provides valuable nutrients, improves soil structure and creates a healthy soil ecosystem. It's also a great way to grow vegetables organically because you're using a variety of waste products to produce more food.
The perfect compost for growing vegetables should have:
- balanced composition of carbon and nitrogen
- balanced pH value
- High organic matter content
- minimum of peat
How to make your own compost
Place for compost. It is better to have a wooden box made of wood without paint and varnish. Such a container will let air and moisture through and maintain good ventilation. In addition, it is not difficult to make it yourself. If this is not possible, you can buy a ready-made plastic or metal container. An ordinary compost pit, dug in the soil, may also be suitable. It is advisable to build barrier walls around the pit to hold the contents of the pit.
The composting products are placed in layers – at the bottom branches of fruit trees, a layer of paper and leaves, a layer of grass clippings. It is important to pay attention to the following rules when laying the layers: alternate dry waste with wet waste and soft waste with hard waste. This ensures air circulation and ventilation, which speeds up the composting process.
Each layer can be overlaid with humus boosters, such as nitrogen additives, manure from herbivorous animals, plants like legumes, nettles, dandelion, common manure and even soil. To keep the heat inside, which is necessary for fermentation, cover the compost with oilcloth, old rags, etc.
Several times a month, the compost layers should be turned over to loosen the contents and allow for ventilation. If it is hot and dry outside, moisten the compost by watering it. After a few months, the soil compost will be ready.
What not to put in the compost bin:
- Bones – large and hard;
- Fish waste;
- Pet droppings;
- Fresh leaves;
- Perennial weeds;
- Infested, pest-damaged plants or garbage;
- Fresh manure;
- Polyethylene and other inorganic waste.
High nutrient content and balanced organic matter, no pathogens or harmful bacteria makes compost the best for your vegetable garden. Beware of chemical content, give preference to home composting For a long resting period of bulbs, a compost mix of three parts topsoil, one part sharp sand or horticultural grit, and one part fine chipped bark is ideal. And although pure compost for sprouts and planting plants can not be used – in a mixture with the soil, it will only bring benefits. In beds where you have arranged perennial flowers, compost can be both a fertilizer and mulch. Heuchera, delphiniums, lilies, phlox, hostas and other plants need it. Add compost to the soil when planting perennials and then spread a thick layer in the bed. Mature compost is spread evenly over the surface of the ground, and then the site is recultivated or covered with a rake. This procedure is usually carried out in autumn after harvesting. On average about 11lb of compost should be applied per 1 m2. Over the winter the fertilizer will fully “reach” and in the spring it will begin to work in full force.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
What Is The Best Compost For Vegetable Garden ?
What is the best compost for growing vegetables in raised beds?
Can I plant in compost?
What plants like compost?
How to Add Compost in the Garden ?
High nutrient content and balanced organic matter, no pathogens or harmful bacteria makes compost the best for your vegetable garden. Beware of chemical content, give preference to home composting
For a long resting period of bulbs, a compost mix of three parts topsoil, one part sharp sand or horticultural grit, and one part fine chipped bark is ideal.
And although pure compost for sprouts and planting plants can not be used – in a mixture with the soil, it will only bring benefits.
In beds where you have arranged perennial flowers, compost can be both a fertilizer and mulch. Heuchera, delphiniums, lilies, phlox, hostas and other plants need it. Add compost to the soil when planting perennials and then spread a thick layer in the bed.
Mature compost is spread evenly over the surface of the ground, and then the site is recultivated or covered with a rake. This procedure is usually carried out in autumn after harvesting. On average about 11lb of compost should be applied per 1 m2. Over the winter the fertilizer will fully “reach” and in the spring it will begin to work in full force.
Verdict Garden FoxFarm Ocean Forest is the overall best compost for vegetable gardens. The compost contains a blend of natural organic sedge peat and composted animal manure, making it the world's best-tasting compost. It has been used in over 12,000 vegetable gardens across the country. Notably, this comes after an RTI survey revealed that 96% of farmers are using verdict compost.
- Charlie's Compost: 12.50%
- Michigan Peat: 12.50%
- Fishnure(TM): 12.50%
- Jobe's: 12.50%
- Uncle Jim's Worm Farm: 12.50%
- Black Gold Compost Company: 12.50%
- Purple Cow Organics: 12.50%
- Fox Farm: 12.50%